[1] "An Overview of Evolutionary Computation", W. M. Spears, K. A. De Jong, T. Back, D. B. Fogel, H. de Garis, 1993.

[2] "Artificial Life: The Coming Evolution", [abstract] J. D. Farmer, A. d'A. Belin, in "Artificial Life II" [book info] Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity Proc. vol. X, Addison-Wesley, 1991.

[3] "Artificial Life" [book info], C. G. Langton ed., Santa Fe Institute Studies in the Sciences of Complexity Proc. vol. IV, Addison-Wesley, 1989.

[4] "Artificial Intelligence Through Simulated Evolution", L. J. Fogel, A. J. Owens, M. J. Walsh, Wiley Publishing, 1966.

[5] "Evolutionsstrategie: Optimierung Technischer Systeme nach Prinzipien der Biologischen Evolution", I. Rechenberg, Frommann-Holzboog, 1973.

[6] "Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems", J. H. Holland, The University of Michigan Press, 1975.

[7] "How I created life in a virtual universe", T. S. Ray, 1992.

[8] "Evolution, Ecology and Optimization of Digital Organisms", T. S. Ray, 1991.

[9] "A proposal to create a network-wide biodiversity reserve for digital organisms", T. S. Ray, 1994.

[10] "Internetworking with TCP/IP vol.I", Douglas E. Comer, Prentice Hall.

[11] "Unix Network Programming", W. Richard Stevens, Prentice Hall.

[12] "RFC 1014", Sun Microsystems Inc., Network Information Center.

[13] "SunOS Network Programming Guide", Sun Microsystems Inc.

[14] "Short History of the Internet", Bruce Sterling, The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, February 1993.


All papers by Tom Ray available by anonymous ftp from in directory /tierra/doc/.

All RFCs available by anonymous ftp. See Annex 3 in [10] for a list of the sites where they can be found.